HCMC businesses to generate 265,000 jobs next year

About 265,000 new jobs will be available on the labor market in Ho Chi Minh City in 2012, mainly in ten business sectors, said the city Center of Human Resources Forecast and Labor Market Information.

The demand for untrained workers will decline by 10 percent in 2012 from 2011, but they will still make up a large proportion of the local businesses’ workforce, Tran Anh Tuan, standing deputy director of center, said.

In the labor market structure next year, people with a university degree or higher will account for 7 percent; vocational high-school graduates, 12 percent; technical workers, 19 percent; trained workers, 30 percent; and untrained workers, 32 percent.

The ten groups of sectors that will have the largest demands for workers next year are marketing - sales; textiles, garment, leather and shoes; tourism, restaurant, hotel, services; information technology, electronics and telecommunication; finance, accounting, and audit; mechanics, metallurgy, automobile technology; construction, architecture and transport; administration, management, education and training; electricity, industrial electricity, refrigeration electricity; chemicals, food and foodstuff processing, and quality administration.

Next year industrial parks and export processing zones will recruit about 30,000 workers, with an expected allocation as follows: 18 percent for electricity and electronics, another 18 percent for textiles and garment, 16 percent for services, 13 percent for mechanics, 8 percent for food and seafood processing, 5 percent for information technology, 4 percent for packaging, 3 percent for chemicals and pharmaceuticals, and 15 percent for other sectors.

Tran Anh Tuan: "Vocational training programs must be designed to meet the actual needs of the society" (Photo: Tuoi Tre)

According to Vietnam’s 2011-2020 employment strategy, about 9.5 million people will join the country’s workforce in the period and new jobs need to be created for 15.3 million people, or about 1.6 million people per year – equal to an annual growth rate of 2 percent, said the Ministry of Labor, War Invalids and Social Affairs’ Bureau of Employment.

In general, there will be a shortage of high-quality workers on the labor market, but some developed industrial areas will even lack untrained workers, said Nguyen Dai Dong, head of the department.

It is important to improve the quality of the labor force to meet the country’s needs of economic development in 2012 as well as in the longer future, he said.

Vocational training programs must be designed to meet the actual needs of the society in terms of both quality and quantity, to avoid a situation in which some sectors have surplus workers while others face a shortage of manpower, or a situation in which highly-skilled workers are scarce while unskilled workers are abundant or vice versa, he said.

In order to manage and develop the human resources effectively and efficiently, there should be a close coordination between State’s relevant agencies, educational and training entities, and businesses, he added.

(Source: TTO)